The first two nuclear reactors (the Barsebäck-reactors close to Denmark) will be taken out of service in July 1998 and July 2001, respectively. This implies a reduction in production capacity of between 6 and 8 TWh.
Thus, the Swedish energy programme includes measures aimed at decreasing the consumption of electricity for heating purposes; utilising the existing electricity system more efficiently; and increasing the supply of
electricity and heating from renewable sources of energy.
Investment support will be granted over a five-year period. Support for research and development will be increased over the next seven years, with emphasis on
renewable energy and efficient energy technologies.
The total budget for the programme is around SEK 9 billion (where SEK is the Swedish krona). In addition to this energy programme, the Ministry of Environment has started a
three year, SEK 5.4 billion, programme to promote a change towards ecologically sustainable development. Energy is a key factor, and the municipalities will be the driving forces.
A combination of measures are being taken to
reduce electricity consumption, increase production and use energy more efficiently.
- Reducing consumption
The target is to reduce annual electricity demand by 1.5 TWh over the next five years. Support is given for:
--installation of complementary energy supply in single-family houses, like woodstoves
and stoves for pellets, including output monitors (grant of SEK 10,000 per single-family house);
--installation of hydronic or water-borne heating systems (30% of the investment costs);
--conversion to district heating.
- Increasing electricity production
The target is to add 1.5 TWh from renewable energy over the next five years.
Investment support will be given to help achieve this: