Korea's Alternative Energy R&D activities and dissemination will focus on areas offering substantial possibilities for broad utilisation, such as solar thermal
energy, photovoltaic power, fuel cells, and waste use. Korea thus hopes to increase the proportion of alternative energy in its total energy supply from 0.61% to 2% by the year 2006.
To qualify as "high-priority" a technology should present a large potential for energy conservation, and have good prospects for successful development, thereby contributing to
improving the structure of energy demand and supply. The technology is preferably one for which the private sector does not wish to undertake R&D because of high commercial risks, but one which offers benefits for
the public and offers potentially wide applications. The technology should be environmentally friendly.
Four high-priority programmes are selected among 11 alternative technology R&D programmes, taking into
account the high probability that the technologies concerned, once developed, will be competitive with similar technologies in industrialised countries, and that they will contribute to improving Korea's energy demand
and supply structure. The high-priority programmes are solar thermal energy, photovoltaic power, fuel cells, and integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) systems.
Other technologies are classified into basic
and general technology programmes to promote continued technology R&D. Basic technology programmes include research on technology, resources, and the current status of small hydro-power, ocean and geothermal energy.
General technology programmes include energy from waste, bioenergy, wind power, and coal (excluding IGCC). There are not many research tasks for general technology programmes in order to focus study on core areas.