Agriculture & Forestry

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Technical Brochures

Mini Review

Register Entries

  1. Poultry Litter as a Fuel for Electricity Production
  2. Direct Fuel Cells in a Rural Situation Achieve Dual Energy Production
  3. Poultry Litter Fuels a 13.5 MW Power Station at Glanford
  4. Sawmill Uses Bark Waste for Heating
  5. Circulating Fluidised Bed Boiler Uses a Mixture of Biomass and Coal
  6. District Heating Plant with Fuel Mixture of Straw and Fatty Slurry
  7. Combustion of Rape and Linseed Straw Bales Provides Heating for a Business Centre
  8. Combustion of Large Round Bales of Wheat Straw Provides Heat for Farm Use
  9. Farm Heating Provided by Combustion of Large Square Bales of Linseed Straw
  10. Tennessee Valley Authority Buys Power Generated from Combusted Waste Sawdust
  11. Masnedo Combined Heat and Power Plant
  12. Small Square Bales of Wheat Straw Fuel Boiler for Farm Heating
  13. Biomass Co-generation Power Plant at Forssa, Finland
  14. Straw-fired District Heating Plant in Denmark
  15. Wood Chip Fired Heating System for a Farm and Cottage
  16. Waste and Scrap Wood Combustion with Pollution Reduction Connected to District Heating System
  17. Wood Chip Fuelled Boiler for Small Scale Industrial Use
  18. Waste from a Potato Peeling Company Provides Biogas for Electricity Production
  19. Cotton Stalk Harvester Collects Agricultural Waste for Use as Fuel
  20. Wood Fired Heating for a Large Stately Home on Drayton Estate
  21. Steam Production by Burning Residual Materials in a Fluidised Bed Boiler
  22. Batch-fired On-farm Plant Provides Heat for a Small District Heating Network
  23. Boiler Flue Gases Wet-cleaned and Condensed to Increase Energy Output in Finland
  24. Direct Combustion Efficiencies of Wood-fired Systems Tested at Seven Sites in the USA
  25. Willow and Poplar Coppice Provide Fuel for Small Scale Industrial and Domestic Heating
  26. Waste-wood-fired Unit for Drying Chicken Manure
  27. Waste-wood-fired Electricity Generation at a 34 MW Power Station
  28. Electricity Production from Wood Waste Reduces Air Pollution
  29. Conversion of a 150 kW Boiler from LPG Fuel to Tallow
  30. Locally Available Wood Chips Used as Fuel for a Small District Heating System
  31. Anaerobic Water Purification Produces Methane at a Whey Processing Plant
  32. Wood Chips Provide Space Heating and Hot Water for a Small Group of Buildings
  33. Simultaneous Combustion of Natural Gas and Biogas
  34. Rotating Grate Technology for the Combustion of Wet Biomass and Waste Fuels
  35. Centralised Biogas Plant for Animal, Industrial and Municipal Wastes
  36. Demonstration of Large-scale Anaerobic Treatment of Organic Waste for the Production of Biogas
  37. Large-scale Batch-wise Anaerobic Digestion of Vegetable Garden and Fruit Waste  Produces Biogas
  38. Combined Heat and Power Plant Burns Wood Chips and Biogas
  39. Boiler Using Poplar Bark as Fuel
  40. Biogas From a Mixture of Sewage Sludge and Animal and Industrial Wastes
  41. Farm Power from Efficient Anaerobic Digestion of Animal Wastes with Photovoltaic Supplement
  42. Manure Biogas System Exploits Synergy of Energy, Nutrients and Aquaculture Production
  43. Ejstruplund Storage Tank Biogas Plant with Soft-Top Cover
  44. Thorso Centralised Biogas Plant Uses Animal, Industrial and Municipal Waste
  45. Anaerobic Digestion of Pig Slurry Provides Fuel for Electricity and Heat
  46. Electricity and Heat from the Anaerobic Digestion of Farm Wastes
  47. Anaerobic Digestion of Sewage Sludge at Kingsbridge, Devon
  48. Skinnerup On-farm Biogas Plant with Gas Storage
  49. Centralised Manure Digestion Plant
  50. Tuna Sludge Fodder for Fuel Gas and Compost
  51. Sindrup On-Farm Plant for Animal and Industrial Waste
  52. Energy from Animal Wastes Using Anaerobic Lagoon Digesters
  53. Anaerobic Digestion with the Recovery of Biogas Could Resolve the Dilemma of Food Waste in Korea
  54. Electricity, Heat and Fertiliser Production from Anaerobic Digestion of Farm Piggery  Wastes
  55. Additional Income for Farmers from Waste Processing
  56. Biogas Recovery from Chicken Manure for Electricity and Heat Production
  57. Combined Heat and Power Plant Fired Entirely by Straw
  58. Small 100% Straw-fired Combined Heat and Power Plant in Rudkoebing
  59. Small-scale Straw-fired Combined Heat and Power Plant
  60. Containerised Woodchip Combuster for School Heating
  61. Thetford Poultry Litter Power StationAnaerobic Digestion of Pig Farm Wastes
  62. Cheesemaker uses Anaerobic Digestion for Steam and Hot Water
  63. Baling of Wood Residue
  64. New Technology for Combustion of Wet and Dry Biofuels
  65. Heating The New Oslo International Airport
  66. Sawmill Provides Heat to the City of Steinkjer
  67. Shredded Wood as an Additive to Coal

Technical Brochures

2: Manure Digestion in a Poultry Farm in the Netherlands

 The anaerobic digestion system on a poultry farm reduces the pollution from chicken  manure and reduces energy consumption. The manure is digested in a two-stage process,  yielding biogas - which replaces the use of natural gas in the farm's cogeneration plant. The pay-back period of the digester is about 5.9 years. (Printed 1994)

3: Wood Waste Combustion in a Greenhouse in the Netherlands

The installation is no longer in operation and the company is dispossessed / expropriated. This brochire has been deleted

4: Anaerobic Digestion of Piggery Wastes in Victoria, Australia

An anaerobic digestion system on a pig farm reduces  the huge amount of piggery waste and associated odour problems, produces energy in the form of electricity and heat,  and yields a useful fertiliser by-product. The pay-back period of the digester is about 5-6 years. (Printed  1994)

17: Poultry Litter Power Station in the United Kingdom

Poultry litter has presented a waste disposal problem  to the poultry industry in many parts of the United Kingdom. The plant at Eye is a small to medium scale power station, fired using  poultry litter, and generates 12.7 MW of electricity which is supplied, through the local utility, to the National Grid. The poultry litter comes from large climate-controlled buildings (broiler houses) where birds, reared for  meat production, are allowed to roam freely. (Printed 1995)

43: A Centralised Biogas Plant Using Farm Slurry, Denmark

At the Ribe Biogas Plant in Denmark, surplus manure collected from several farms is combined  with other organic waste and digested to produce biogas for a  combined heat and power station. The power station supplies district heating to part of the city of Ribe. The biogas plant handles about 400 tonnes of farm waste  daily, producing 11,000-12,000 m3 of biogas. After  a small loss in its first year of operation (1991), the plant's profits have been steadily increasing. (Printed 1996)

60: Anaerobic Digestion of Farm Waste in the UK

The introduction of an anaerobic digestion system,  incorporating a combined heat and power unit, has provided a UK agricultural college's farm with a clean, simple, easy-to-use method of manure treatment. The system has great potential for cutting costs  and even generating  profit. It produces valuable electricity and heat, and the end products of the digester - liquid slurry and fibre - provide fertiliser and compost which can be sold to garden centres and other customers. (Printed 1997)

112: Biogas Combined Heat and Power in Sweden

In this project, 5060 apartment blocks are supplied with both electricity and heat from a CHP plant which processes about 30,000 tonnes/year of manure and around 5,000 tonnes/year of organic waste from industry. Since starting operation, the biogas plant has provided 3,0004,000 m3/day of gas, producing 450 kW of electricity and 650 kW of heat.

118: Co-digestion of Manure with Industrial and Household Waste

The Kristianstad biogas plant is the first in Sweden to co-digest municipal solid waste with manure and other organic biomass to produce energy and fertiliser.  In 1998, the plant handled over 70,000 tonnes of waste and produced biogas equivalent to 20,000 MWh.  This project offers a sustainable solution to waste disposal problems encountered in many countries. (Printed 2000)

134: Batch Anaerobic Digestion of Green Waste in a BIOCEL Converter

A Dutch treatment plant, processing vegetable, garden and fruit waste into compost, also produces biogas. The plant uses anaerobic digestion to process 35,000 tonnes/year of waste, producing 2,200,000 m3/year of biogas.  Co-generation plant uses the biogas to produce 3,000 MWh/year of electricity, over half of which is exported. (Printed 2000)

Newsletter Articles

1/93 Poultry Litter as a Fuel in the UK
1/94 Biogas Production May Solve Several Problems - Denmark
4/94 Production of Biogas from Solid Manure - Switzerland
4/94 Anaerobic Digestion of Livestock Manures in the USA
2/95 Latest Technology for Lieksa Small-scale Power Plant - Finland
3/95 Ethanol Production from Timber in Norway
3/95 Wood Pellets Heat Up Northern Arkansas - USA
4/95 Integrated Wood Harvesting - the MASSAHAKE Method - Finland
1/96 Cogeneration Using Coal and Biomass - Denmark
2/96 Tree-processing Using a Chain System in Finland
1/97 Biomass Power Plant at Forssa, Finland
1/97 Straw-fired Biomass Plants in Denmark
2/98 Anaerobic Digestion and Opportunities for International Technology Transfer -also available in pdf
3/98 Composting versus digestion of biowaste - also available in pdf
3/99 Energy from waste and biomass - also as pdf format
4/99 The power of organic wastes - also in pdf format
4/99 The potential for biogas in Sweden - also in pdf format

Mini-Review of Energy Crops and Crop Residues (1998)

The Energy Crops Mini-Review, which was held in Oxford during 1995 and updated during 1997, was led by Dr Caroline Foster from ETSU (UK). The review covered the biomass energy from crops and crop residues,  including woody crops, herbaceous energy crops, commodity crops (such as  maize, cereals, rape, soy bean, etc), forest residues and crop residues. Contributions from eleven countries have been compiled to identify and compare  national policies, barriers to the deployment of biomass  energy, environmental considerations and current market enhancement mechanisims. Part of the study is dedicated to describing the different biomass resources and the  conversion mechanisms used. Some case studies  of recent projects are included in the report. The final report on the study is now available from the CADDET Centre or CADDET National Teams

Last updated 24 October, 2000

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